博士 研究员 博士生导师

中科院营养代谢与食品安全重点实验室 副主任,营养与慢性代谢疾病研究组组长

研究方向: 营养与慢性代谢疾病

电子邮件(E-mail )qwzhai@sibs.ac.cn





简历 & 研究方向

2017-至  今  edf壹定发 研究员

2004-2016 edf壹定发上海生命科学研究院营养科学研究所 研究员

2003-2004 edf壹定发上海生命科学院营养科学研究所 副研究员

2002-2003年 美国哈佛大学医学院儿童医院神经生物学系 博士后

2000-2002 美国哈佛大学医学院病理系 博士后

1995-2000 edf壹定发上海生物化学研究所 生物化学与分子生物学 博士

1991-1995 南京大学 生物化学 学士



1. 从分子、细胞和动物水平研究各种营养因素对于肥胖、糖尿病、肿瘤和长寿的影响。

2. 研究乙酰化酶和去乙酰化酶及其调控因子、非编码核酸及其修饰等对肥胖、糖尿病和肿瘤的影响。

3. 通过高通量测序、基因编辑、代谢组学、蛋白质组学、修饰组学等新技术新方法,筛选和寻找能缓解肥胖、糖尿病和肿瘤或延长寿命的基因和药物。



翟琦巍 Journal of Molecular EndocrinologyJournal of Endocrinology编委

翟琦巍  任《生命科学》和《科技导报》编委

翟琦巍  中国生物化学与分子生物学会代谢专业委员会委员

翟琦巍  中国老年学和老年医学学会抗衰老分会委员


代表性论文(* 通讯编辑


  1. Zhang F, Hao G, Shao M, Gedaa Hassan, An Y, Wang Q, Zhu Y, Christine M. Kusminski, Kien Nham, Rana K. Gupta, Zhai Q, Sun X,Philipp E. Scherer* and Orhan K. Oz*. An Adipose Tissue Atlas: An Image-Guided Identification of Human-like BAT and Beige Depots in Rodents. Cell Metab, 2018 Jan 9;27:252-262.
  2. Cao H, Zhang S, Shan S, Sun C, Li Y, Wang H, Yu S, Liu Y, Guo F, Zhai Q, Wang YC, Jiang J, Wang H, Yan J, Liu W, Ying H. Ligand-dependent corepressor (LCoR) represses the transcription factor C/EBPβ during early adipocyte differentiation. J Biol Chem. 2017, 292(46):18973-18987.
  3. Shan P, Fan G, Sun L, Liu J, Wang W, Hu C, Zhang X, Zhai Q, Song X, Cao L, Cui Y, Zhang S, Wang C. SIRT1 Functions as a Negative Regulator of Eukaryotic Poly(A)RNA Transport. Curr Biol. 2017 Aug;27(15):2271-2284.
  4. Luan Y, Zhang F, Cheng Y, Liu J, Huang R, Yan M, Wang Y, He Z, Lai H, Wang H, Ying H, Guo F, Zhai Q*. Hemin Improves Insulin Sensitivity and Lipid Metabolism in Cultured Hepatocytes and Mice Fed a High-Fat Diet. Nutrients. 2017 Jul;9(8):805.
  5. Xiao Y, Deng Y, Yuan F, Xia T, Liu H, Li Z, Liu Z, Ying H, Liu Y, Zhai Q, Chen S, Guo F*. An ATF4/ATG5 signaling in hypothalamic POMC neurons regulates fat mass via affecting energy expenditure. Diabetes. 2017;66(5):1146-1158.
  6. Xiao Y, Deng Y, Yuan F, Xia T, Liu H, Li Z, Chen S, Liu Z, Ying H, Liu Y, Zhai Q, Guo F*. An ATF4-ATG5 signaling in hypothalamic POMC neurons regulates obesity, Autophagy, 2017;13(6):1-2.
  7. Zhang D, Li Y, Liu S, Wang YC, Guo F, Zhai Q, Jiang J, Ying H*. microRNA and thyroid hormone signaling in cardiac and skeletal muscle, Cell Biosci. 2017;7:14.
  8. Yan M, Zhai Q*. Sperm tsRNAs and acquired metabolic disorders. J Endocrinol. 2016; 230(3):F13-18.
  9. Wang Y, Hu Y, Sun C, Zhuo S, He Z, Wang H, Yan M, Liu J, Luan Y, Dai C, Yang Y, Huang R, Zhou B, Zhang F, Zhai Q*. Down-regulation of Risa improves insulin sensitivity by enhancing autophagy. FASEB J. 2016; 30(9):3133-45.
  10. Liu J, Zhou B, Yan M, Huang R, Wang Y, He Z, Yang Y, Dai C, Zhang F, Zhai Q*. CLOCK and BMAL1 regulate muscle insulin sensitivity via SIRT1 in male mice. Endocrinology. 2016; 157(6):2259-69.
  11. Chen Q*, Yan M, Cao Z, Li X, Zhang Y, Shi J, Feng G-h, Peng H, Zhang X, Zhang Y, Qian J, Duan E*, Zhai Q*, Zhou Q*. Sperm tsRNAs contribute to intergenerational inheritance of an acquired metabolic disorder. Science. 2016; 351(6271):397-400.
  12. Highligted by Leslie M. Sperm RNA fragments modify offspring metabolism. Science. 2016; 351(6268):13. Waldron D. Non-coding RNA: Inheritance of diet-induced metabolic changes via tsRNAs. Nat Rev Genet. 2016; 17(3):128.  Watson ED. Transferring Fragments of Paternal Metabolism to the Offspring. Cell Metab. 2016;23(3):401-2. Gapp K, Miska EA. tRNA fragments: novel players in intergenerational inheritance. Cell Res. 2016;26(4):395-6.
  13. Li F, Han X, Li F, Wang R, Wang H, Gao Y, Wang X, Fang Z, Zhang W, Yao S, Tong X, Wang Y, Feng Y, Sun Y, Li Y, Wong KK, Zhai Q, Chen H, Ji H. LKB1 Inactivation Elicits a Redox Imbalance to Modulate Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Plasticity and Therapeutic Response. Cancer Cell. 2015; 27(5):698-711.  
  14. Zhou B, Zhang Y, Zhang F*, Xia Y, Liu J, Huang R, Wang Y, Hu Y, Wu J, Dai C, Wang H, Tu Y, Peng X, Wang Y, Zhai Q*. CLOCK/BMAL1 regulates circadian change of mouse hepatic insulin sensitivity by SIRT1. Hepatology. 2014; 59(6):2196-206.
  15. Ma C*, Yao M, Zhai Q, Jiao J, Yuan X, Poo M*. SIRT1 suppresses self-renewal of adult hippocampal neural stem cells. Development.2014; 141(24):4697-4709.
  16. Dong S, Jia C, Zhang S, Fan G, Li Y, Shan P, Sun L, Xiao W, Li L, Zheng Y, Liu J, Wei H, Hu C, Zhang W, Chin YE, Zhai Q, Li Q, Liu J, Jia F, Mo Q, Edwards DP, Huang S, Chan L, O'Malley BW, Li X*, Wang C*. The REGγ proteasome regulates hepatic lipid metabolism through inhibition of autophagy. Cell Metab. 2013; 18(3):380-91.
  17. Yan M, Wang Y, Hu Y, Feng Y, Dai C, Wu J, Wu D, Zhang F, Zhai Q*. A high-throughput quantitative approach reveals more small RNA modifications in mouse liver and their correlation with diabetes. Anal Chem. 2013; 85(24):12173-81.
  18. Zhang Y, Zhou B, Deng B, Zhang F, Wu J, Wang Y, Le Y*, Zhai Q*. Amyloid-β Induces Hepatic Insulin Resistance in vivo via JAK2. Diabetes. 2013; 62(4):1159-66. Highlighted by Commentary: Sato N and Morishita R. Plasma Aβ: A Possible Missing Link Between Alzheimer Disease and Diabetes. Diabetes. 2013; 62(4):1005-6. Highlighted by In this Issue of Diabetes:Resnick H. Blocking A Improves Insulin Sensitivity in AD Mouse Model. Diabetes. 2013; 62(4):1004.
  19. Zhang F, Xu X, Zhang Y, Zhou B, He Z, Zhai Q*. Gene expression profile analysis of type 2 diabetic mouse liver. Plos One. 2013; 8(3):e57766.
  20. Wei H, Zhou B, Zhang F, Tu Y, Hu Y, Zhang B, Zhai Q*. Profiling and Identification of Small rDNA-Derived RNAs and Their Potential Biological Functions. Plos One. 2013; 8(2):e56842.
  21. Liu A, Guo J, Liu W, Su F, Zhai Q, Mehta J, Wang W*, Su D*. Involvement of arterial baroreflex in the protective effect of dietary restriction against stroke. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2013; 33(6):906-13.
  22. Zhang Y, Zhou B, Zhang F, Wu J, Hu Y, Liu Y, Zhai Q*. Amyloid-β induces hepatic insulin resistance by activating JAK2/STAT3/SOCS-1 signaling pathway. Diabetes. 2012; 61(6):1434-43.
  23. Zhou B, Li C, Qi W, Zhang Y, Zhang F, Wu J, Hu Y, Wu D, Liu Y, Yan T, Jing Q, Liu M, Zhai Q*. Down regulation of miR-181a upregulates sirtuin-1 (SIRT1) and improves hepatic insulin sensitivity. Diabetologia. 2012; 55(7):2032-43.
  24. Feng Y, Wang Y, Wang Z, Fang Z, Li F, Gao Y, Liu H, Xiao T, Li F, Zhou Y, Zhai Q, Liu X, Sun Y, Bardeesy N, Wong KK, Chen H, Xiong ZQ, Ji H*. The CRTC1-NEDD9 Signaling Axis Mediates Lung Cancer Progression Caused by LKB1 Loss. Cancer Res. 2012; 72(24):6502-11.  
  25. Liu Y, Zhou D, Zhang F, Tu Y, Xia Y, Wang H, Zhou B, Zhang Y, Wu J, Gao X, He Z, Zhai Q*. Liver Patt1 deficiency protects male mice from Age-associated but not high-fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis. J Lipid Res. 2012; 53(3):358-67.
  26. Wang P, Guan Y, Du H, Zhai Q, Su D*, Miao C*. Induction of autophagy contributes to the neuroprotection of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase in cerebral ischemia. Autophagy. 2012; 8(1):77-87.
  27. Zhang F, Xu X, Zhou B, He Z, Zhai Q*. Gene Expression Profile Change and Associated Physiological and Pathological Effects in Mouse Liver Induced by Fasting and Refeeding. Plos One. 2011; 6(11): e27553.
  28. Wu J, Zhang F, Yan M, Wu D, Yu Q, Zhang Y, Zhou B, McBurney MW, Zhai Q*. WldS Enhances Insulin Transcription and Secretion via a SIRT1-Dependent Pathway and Improves Glucose Homeostasis. Diabetes. 2011; 60(12):3197-207.
  29. Yu Q, Wang T, Zhou X, Wu J, Chen X, Liu Y, Wu D, Zhai Q*. Wld Reduces Paraquat-Induced Cytotoxicity via SIRT1 in Non-Neuronal Cells by Attenuating the Depletion of NAD. PLoS One. 2011; 6(7): e21770.
  30. Wu D, Qiu Y, Gao X, Yuan XB, Zhai Q*. Overexpression of SIRT1 in Mouse Forebrain Impairs Lipid/Glucose Metabolism and Motor Function. PLoS One. 2011; 6(6): e21759.
  31. Wang P, Xu T, Guan Y, Tian W, Viollet B, Rui Y, Zhai Q, Su D*, Miao C*. Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase protects against ischemic stroke through SIRT1-dependent adenosine monophosphate-activated kinase pathway. Ann Neurol. 2011; 69(2): 360-74.
  32. Hong Y, Chen Z, Zhang B, Zhai Q*. Isolation of Photobacterium sp. LuB-1 and its application in rapid assays for chemical toxicants in water. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2010; 51(3): 308-12.
  33. Feng Y, Yan T, Zheng J, Ge X, Mu Yu, Zhang Y, Wu D, Du J, Zhai Q*. Overexpression of WldS or Nmnat2 in Mauthner cell by single-cell electroporation delays axon degeneration in live zebrafish. J Neurosci Res. 2010; 88(15): 3319-27.
  34. Yan T, Feng Y, Zhai Q*. Axon degeneration: Mechanisms and implications of a distinct program from cell death. Neurochem Int. 2010; 56(4):529-34. (Invited review)
  35. Feng Y, Yan T, He Z, Zhai Q*. WldS, Nmnats and Axon degeneration -progress in the past two decades. Protein & Cell. 2010; 1(3): 237-45. (Invited review)
  36. Zheng J, Yan T, Feng Y, Zhai Q*. Involvement of lysosomes in the early stages of axon degeneration. Neurochem. Int. 2010; 56(3): 516-21.
  37. Jin Q*, Zhang F*, Yan T, Liu Z, Wang C, Ge X, Zhai Q*. C/EBPα Regulates SIRT1 Expression during Adipogenesis. Cell Res. 2010; 20(4):470-9.
  38. Yan T, Feng Y, Zheng J, Ge X, Zhang Y, Wu D, Zhao J, Zhai Q*. Nmnat2 delays axon degeneration in superior cervical ganglia dependent on its NAD synthesis activity. Neurochem Int. 2010; 56(1):101-6.
  39. Xia YL, Zhai Q*. IL-1β enhances the antibacterial activity of astrocytes by activation of NF-κB. Glia. 2010; 58(2):244-52.
  40. Wang F, Gao Y, Zhang L, Bai B, Hu Y, Dong Z, Zhai Q, Zhu H, Liu J. A pair of windmill-shaped enantiomers from Lindera aggregata with activity toward improvement of insulin sensitivity. Org Lett. 2010; 12(14): 3196-9.
  41. Liu Z, Liu Y, Wang H, Ge X, Jin Q, Ding G, Hu Y, Zhou B, Chen Z, Ge X, Zhang B, Man X, Zhai Q*. Patt1, a novel protein acetyltransferase that is highly expressed in liver and downregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma, enhances apoptosis of hepatoma cells. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2009; 41(12):2528-37.
  42. Hu H, He L, Gong Z, Li N, Lu Y, Zhai Q, Liu H, Jiang H, Zhu W, Wang H. A novel class of antagonists for the FFAs receptor GPR40. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2009; 390(3): 557-63.
  43. Ge X, Jin Q, Zhang F, Yan T, Zhai Q*. PCAF Acetylates β-Catenin and Improves its Stability. Mol Biol Cell. 2009; 20(1):419-27.
  44. Ge X, Liu Z, Qi W, Shi X, Zhai Q*. Chromium(VI) Induces Insulin Resistance in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes Through Elevated Reactive Oxygen Species Generation. Free Radical Res. 2008; 42(6):554-563.
  45. Ge X, Yu Q, Qi W, Shi X, Zhai Q*. Chronic Insulin Treatment Causes Insulin Resistance in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes through Oxidative Stress. Free Radical Res. 2008; 42(6):582-591.
  46. Zhang F, Sun C, Wu J, He C, Ge X, Huang W, Zou Y, Chen X, Qi W, Zhai Q*. Combretastatin A-4 activates AMP-activated protein kinase and improves glucose metabolism in db/db mice. Pharmacol Res. 2008; 57(4): 318-323.
  47. Sun C, Zhang F, Ge X, Yan T, Chen X, Shi X, Zhai Q*. SIRT1 Improves Insulin Sensitivity under Insulin-Resistant Conditions by Repressing PTP1B. Cell Metab. 2007; 6(4):307-19.Featured Article. Highlighted by Featured Preview: Zabolotny J, Kim Y. Silencing insulin resistance through SIRT1. Cell Metab. 2007; 6(4):247-9.Highlighted by Cell Press at EurekAlert: Wampler N. Low doses of a red wine ingredient fight diabetes in mice.
  48. Jin Q, Yan T, Ge X, Sun C, Shi X, Zhai Q*.Cytoplasm-localized SIRT1 enhances apoptosis. J Cell Physiol. 2007; 213(1):88-97.
  49. Jia H, Yan T, Feng Y, Zeng C, Shi X, Zhai Q*. Identification of a critical site in Wld(s): Essential for Nmnat enzyme activity and axon-protective function. Neurosci Lett. 2007; 413(1):46-51.
  50. Wu D, Zhai Q, Shi X. Alcohol-induced oxidative stress and cell responses. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2006; Suppl 3:S26-9.
  51. Wang J, Zhai Q*, Chen Y, Lin E, Gu W, McBurney MW, He Z*. A local mechanism mediates NAD-dependent protection of axon degeneration. J Cell Biol. 2005; 170(3):349-55. Highlighted by News in J Cell Biol, 2005; 170(3): 334.

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